Breast pain and the menstrual cycle

What is the relationship between breast pain and the menstrual cycle?

  • The estrogen usually peaks at ovulation. This is summarized in the growth of the mammary ducts.
  • Progesterone peaks a few days later (Day 21). This causes an enlarged breast lobule, which helps cells prepared for milk production to form.


  • Consume diets rich in fat.
  • Too much caffeine, theine, or chocolate.
  • Family history of pain during the cycle.
  • Certain medications (hormones, antidepressants, etc.).
  • Large breast size (increases weight-bearing and may be accompanied by back or neck pain).
  • Having breast pain does not have to be a sign of breast cancer. Only 10% of cases of malignant breast tumors cause mild pain.


Breast pain and the menstrual cycle (cyclical)

  • It affects young people.
  • As a general rule, it does not affect during or after menopause.
  • Homogeneous and bilateral distribution (that is, both breasts hurt and it extends throughout the mammary gland).
  • Swelling or inflammation.
  • Accumulation or retention of liquids in the breasts.
  • The slight increase in size.
  • Turgor (bulging and firm breasts).
  • Continuous pain (which can go from mild to severe) only during one stage of the cycle.
  • To the touch, small lumps or lumps are noticed throughout the breast.
  • Increased intensity of symptoms two weeks before menstruation.
  • The pain after the start of the period disappears.

Noncyclical breast pain

  • Continuous or intermittent pain, fixed at one point, described as burning, stabbing, or tearing.
  • Inflammation located at a point of the breast.
  • Symptoms do not vary over time or throughout a cycle.
  • It affects, to a greater extent, after menopause.
  • It is usually unilateral (only one breast hurts).

When to consult with a health professional?

  • Change in the shape, color, or appearance of the breast skin.
  • Secretions or fluid in the breasts.
  • Hormonal alterations.
  • New, unusual, or changing lumps or bumps on the breasts.
  • Age over 40 years without previous mammograms.
  • Pain that does not subside and increases in intensity.
  • Signs of infection (heat, redness, pus, etc.).
  • Pain that interferes with daily activity.



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Muhammad Usman Babar

Muhammad Usman Babar


Hi, My name is Muhammad Usman Babar and I am a blog writer. I love to write about Health, Fitness, and Education. Recently I am writing at