Skin Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

  • The exposure excessive ultraviolet radiation(UV), whose primary source is sunlight. The degree of exposure to this radiation depends on the intensity of the light, on the exposure time and on whether the skin has been protected. People who live in areas where they exposed to intense sunlight. All year they are at greater risk of developing this type of cancer. In addition, being outdoors for long periods of work or leisure without protecting yourself with appropriate clothing and sun protection increases the possibility of developing it.
  • The tanning booths and lamps are other origins of ultraviolet radiation that may increase the danger of developing skin cancer non — melanoma.
  • The exposure to certain chemicals such as industrial tar, arsenic, coal, paraffin and different types of oils.
  • The exposure to radiation, such as produced by radiation.
  • Serious or prolonged lesions or inflammations of the skin, such as severe burns, the skin covering the area where a serious bone infection occurred and skin damaged by certain inflammatory diseases.
  • The treatment of psoriasis with psoralen and ultraviolet light administered to some patients with psoriasis.
  • The xeroderma pigmentosum, a unique inherited disorder, lower the capability of the skin to repair the damage to DNA as a result of exposure to sunlight. People who have this disorder promote a large number of skin tumors, sometimes from childhood.
  • The nevus syndrome, basal cell is a rare congenital condition, which causes multiple basal cell malignancies (basaliomas). Most cases, although not all, are hereditary.

Symptoms Of Skin Cancer

  • The basal cell carcinomas emerge somewhat flat area, as goofy that becomes reddish, or small waxy, glossy and translucent to focal point areas which may bleed a minor injury. In these areas, it is familiar to spot one or more visible irregular blood vessels, or show areas of brown, blue or black.
  • The squamous cell carcinoma may occur as growing lumps, often rough, flat or reddened patches of skin that grow slowly surface. These two types of non-melanoma skin cancer can expand on a flat surface that only shows slight changes from normal skin.
  • The Kaposi sarcoma usually begins in a small area like that acquires a purple color becomes a tumor.
  • The mycosis fungoides start as a rash, often in the buttocks, hips or lower abdomen. It may look like a skin allergy or other type of irritation.
  • The tumors of the annexes appear as bumps inside the skin.
  • The Skin sarcomas appear as large lumps under the surface thereof. Merkel cell tumors usually appear in the form of purple-red nodules or ulcers (sores) located on the face, or, less frequently, on the arms or legs.
  • Read Also: why are omega-3 fatty acids important — why do we need omega-3

Prevention From Skin Cancer

Protect yourself with clothes

Sunscreen creams

Do not use tanning booths

· Basal cell carcinoma (basal cell cancer)

· Spinocellular carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma)

  • Kaposi’s sarcoma.
    It originates in the dermis, but it can also form in the internal organs. It usually develops in people affected by thehuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Lymphoma.
    The dermis contains a considerable number oflymphocytes (a type of immune system cells). When they become malignant they form the lymphoma. Although most of these types of cancer appear to originate in the lymph nodes or internal organs. There are certain types of lymphoma that originate in the skin. The medical term “primary cutaneous lymphoma” means “lymphoma that has originated in the skin.” The most common type of primary cutaneous lymphoma is cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, also called fungoid mycosis.
  • Sarcomas develop from connective tissue cells, usually in tissues that lie deep beneath the skin. Less often, these can occur in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue of the skin. There are several types of sarcoma that can develop on the skin including dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and angiosarcoma.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma.
    It develops from the endocrine cells of the skin. They often reappear after treatment andspread to nearby lymph nodes. They can also spread to internal organs.
  • There are also benign skin tumors. Most of them are not cancerous, and only rarely do they become cancer. Among these tumors are most types of moles, seborrheic keratoses (raised spots, brown, brown or black with a “waxy” texture or a rough surface), hemangiomas (benign tumors of blood vessels) , lipomas (soft tumors of benign fat cells) and warts (rough surface tumors caused by a virus).

Precancerous Diseases

  • Actinic keratosis:
    Precancerous skin condition caused by exposure to sunlight. They are small rough spots that can be red, pink or skin color. They usually develop on the face, ears, backs of the hands and arms of middle-aged or older people. Who have light skin, although they can also appear in other areas of the skin exposed to the sun. Generally, people who have actinic keratosis will develop many more. They usually grow slowly and cause no more symptoms or signs than skin blemishes. It is possible, but not common, for actinic keratoses to become squamous cell cancer. They also often disappear on their own, but may reappear.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma in situ or Bowen’s disease:
    It is the primitive form of squamous cell skin cancer. The cells of this cancer are completely inside the epidermis and have not spread to the dermis. It manifests itself in the form of reddish spots. Compared with actinic keratoses, the spots of squamous cell carcinoma in situ are usually larger. Often more than half a centimeter, more intense red and are more scaly and rough.
    Read Also: How To Remove Wrinkles Naturally

Diagnosis Of Skin Cancer

Treatments For Skin Cancer

  • The simple excision involves the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue.
  • Mohs surgery: The layer of the skin affected by the cancer is removed and subsequently. The doctor removes the tissue that surrounds the area by comparing both in the microscope.
  • Cryosurgery: By means of liquid nitrogen, cancer cells are frozen and destroyed.
  • Laser surgery: This method used in very superficial carcinomas on which the laser beam is applied to vaporize cancer cells.
  • Electrodesiccation: the tumor removed by scraping the tissue, and then the area where the spot was treated. With an electric needle is treated to destroy the remaining cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: The most frequently used medication is fluorouracil. Which used topically reaches the skin’s closest cells, so it will be used only in premalignant pathologies. This medicine reddens the area where you will apply it and makes it more sensitive to the sun. So it is advisable that the area is well protected.
  • Radiation therapy: Consists of the use of radiation to destroy cancer cells. The treatment lasts a few minutes and is not painful.

When should the patient go to the specialist?

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Muhammad Usman Babar

Muhammad Usman Babar

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Hi, My name is Muhammad Usman Babar and I am a blog writer. I love to write about Health, Fitness, and Education. Recently I am writing at www.kidsrush.com.